How to choose a down comforter suitable for your budget


To make your house look more expensive as well as to keep warm for you during a sleep, it is very essential to have a down comforter. However, while getting started to purchase, you will be confused because of the variety of prices and types. Of course, you need to consider those elements carefully before choosing, and in this article, we will introduce you some most popular kinds to get the best down comforter for your budget.

downcomforterIf you have a tight budget

If you are finding a cheap down comforter for your tight budget, the Pacific Coast and the Fieldcrest are the best choices. These brands are the famous for their affordable prices which are between 100$ and 200$ with good quality.

While the Fieldcrest down comforters are tested for strength and durability as well as can be return to the original form easily after doing the washing up, the Pacific Coast ones are not. They are lumpy quickly after cleaning and does not have a nice look. Therefore, sometimes you need to fluff them. They are not durable as well. However, their advantages are the light weight and do not have the barn smell like the Fieldcrest down comforters.

For those who have an average budget

If you have a little bit more money to spend on, the Season Collection, the Company Store Alberta  and the L.L.Bean are not the bad choices. Their retails are between 200$ and 350$ and also the most popular brands. The affordable price is not the only factor to make the fame for these brands. They are known as the quality.

With the L.L.Bean down comforters, people usually mention about them as theirs warmth, durability and well made products. Therefore, this brand’s products usually out of stock.


With the Season Collection, they have the above average of fill power which means the average level of warmth. Besides, the baffle box construction helps to keep the down stay at which it must be and avoid them from being lumpy for unfair down distribution.

With the Company Store Alberta, the products of this brand are the same as the ones of the L.L.Bean, which are warm, durable and have good stitches, but cooler and heavier. However, usually, the Company Store Alberta’s down comforters are a little bit more expensive than the L.L.Bean. This brand also provides a wide range of sizes and colors for you to choose the most favorable.

If money is not a matter for you

You can choose Hotel Collection to experience the luxurious feeling every time lying on the bed. About the quality, when trying them, you will have no word to say. They are very comfortable and have high levels of warmth which is perfect for the frigid weather. Hotel Collection’s down comforters are made from 100% cotton, which is very friendly with the natural environment. Besides, they are very airy and durable due to the high threads.

To know more about the best seller for down comforters of each brand, you can click here to read all the best down comforter reviews.

Read more: Hunger at home

Got calcium?


Calcium is one of the chief components of bones. Unfortunately, the body doesn’t produce it, so you need to get it through your diet.

Bone-HealthFor teens, “the recommended amount of calcium is 1,200 to 1,500 milligrams a day,” says Dr. Anastasia Fischer, “and should be split into at least three servings a day,” with no more than 500 milligrams at once. That helps the body absorb calcium better.

It’s best to get calcium from food rather than a pill. That way, your overall diet is more healthful. At right are some of the top sources of calcium. In addition, look for foods that are fortified with calcium, such as orange juice and cereals.

Source: USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory, 2002


  1. What are the components of bone and what do they do? (The periosteum supplies blood; the compact bone supports weight; and the marrow produces blood cells and platelets.)
  2. What is impact loading? (doing exercises in which a person’s bones support his or her body weight)
  3. Why are the teen years significant for bone health? (Bone growth and bone health peak at about age 20.)


To help your students understand the risks inherent in poor bone development, have them research the causes, costs, effects, and treatments of osteoporosis. Then challenge students to write a persuasive letter to the school or local newspaper urging teens to take better care of their bones, including reasons why doing so is important.


This Web site explores bone health in depth, with many links and helpful tips:

Ouch! When bones break, it’s important to treat them properly. Get advice at first_aid/broken_bones_sheet.html.

A teen-oriented, calcium facts and menu ideas is available at

Top Foods For Calcium

Food Serving Calcium Size in mqi

Muenster cheese 1 oz. 203
Cheddar cheese 1 oz. 204
Collard greens, cooked 1 cup 226
Dried figs, uncooked 1 cup 287
Whole milk 8 oz. 290
2% milk 8 oz. 298
Skim milk 8 oz. 301
Low-fat yogurt with fruit 8 oz. 338
Sardines, in oil, 3.75 oz. 351
including bones
Low-fat plain yogurt 8 oz. 448
Nonfat plain yogurt 8 oz. 488

oz. = ounces; mg = milligrams
Douglas, Scott

Choose the best essential oil diffuser for specific purposes


Alongside the things to consider when buying an essential oil diffuser that were mentioned in the previous post, you also need to think about which purposes you intend to use for or whom it is used for. Because of with every specific purpose you need to choose a different diffuser.  In this post, we will give you the concrete information about this element.


There are many purposes to buy an essential oil diffuser, such as for babies, for treatment or even for pets.

1. For babies:

A baby, especially a new born baby, his or her skin is highly discerning and very easy to dry, alongside the humidifier, you should choose the diffuser that creates the fine mist to balance or increase the moisture as well as provide directly the humidify through the tiny molecules floating in the air and absorbing through the skin.

If the baby feels difficult to fall asleep, you have to choose a diffuser that makes no noise as well as have the runtime of about 8 or 10 hours. Also, you should buy the essential oil that has the effect of tranquillizers such as lavender, Roman Chamomile, Clary Sage, so forth and so on. Avoid using the oils that have the effect of rousing the sleep as peppermint, lime.

In this case, ultrasonic essential oil diffuser seems to be the perfect choice.

2. For treatment:


For those who are easy to catch the flu or a cold, you should purchase a diffuser to take care of your health.  About cold, you can choose the diffuser that has the functions of both the humidifier and the diffuser so as to avoid the dry air as well as treat your cold symptoms through breathing the oil particles by the nose. In this case, a diffuser that can create the soft mist and use 100% pure essential oil is perfect. If you have much money to spend on, a nebulizer essential oil diffuser, which is usually used in hospitals or spas, is really the best decision. Before choosing, you should read some essential oil diffuser reviews carefully for more information.

Here are some essential oils used for cold and flu treatment:

  • Tea Tree
  • Pine
  • Lavender
  • Peppermint
  • Thyme
  • Lemon

3. For pets:

diffuser 3

This may sound funny, but if you have dogs or cats or even both, you really need a diffuser at home. For this purpose, an essential oil diffuser must run quietly and create the scent rather than the fog. The reason why you should buy a diffuser for your pets is that it is able to resist the odor. In this case, a heat diffuser is the best choice because this kind will bring into play all the effects of the essential oil. The oil particles will change the structure of the molecules that cause the odor and make them useless. You can comfortably play with your pet and enjoy the fresh air.

Almost the essential oils all have the special element named “terpenes” which is odor resistance, but here are some popular ones:

  • Bergamot
  • Carrot Seed
  • Cedar wood
  • Chamomile, German
  • Chamomile, Roman
  • Clary Sage

Hunger at Home


Not just a distant threat in developing countries, hunger is a problem in the United States too. “Here in the U.S., we have approximately 37 million people that are in poverty, and most people that are in poverty are hungry at some level,” says Patricia Young, national coordinator of World Food Day. “Of those 37 million, about 13 million are children.”


That means there are people your age, in every U.S. state, unable to get the basic food they need to grow and stay healthy. Consider the following facts:

* One of every six people living in New Mexico doesn’t have enough food at all times to meet basic needs, according to the University of New Mexico’s Daily Lobo.

HUNGER HOT SPOTS Of more than 850 million undernourished people:

  • 37 million are in the United States
  • 204 million are in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 33 million are in the Near East and North Africa
  • 53 million are in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • 221 million are in India
  • 159 million are in Asia and the Pacific
  • 221 million are in China
  • Close-up on the U.S.

* Oklahoma has the highest rate of food insecurity with hunger (6 percent)

* Texas has the highest hunger rate overall (16 percent)

The World Food Programme lists the countries and regions with the most hunger as (1) Niger, (2) Haiti, (3) Darfur, (4) Afghanistan, (5)North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), (6) Colombia, (7) Democratic Republic of the Congo, (8) Mali, (9)southern Africa, and (10) Bolivia.

* Almost 70 percent of students in Memphis, Tenn., public schools are so poor that they are eligible for free school meals, reports The Commercial Appeal.

* In Ohio, one-quarter of the families who needed emergency food assistance had at least one employed person in the household.

Poverty can mean hard decisions–such as whether to use money for shelter, utility bills, child care, health care, or food, according to Hecker. “It is fairly common for individuals with kids to actually be the ones who don’t eat a meal or two meals because they want to make sure the kids in the family are eating,” she adds.

Thanks to the National School Lunch Program and food stamp distribution, hungry U.S. children and families have access to the nutrition they need to survive. However, the National School Lunch Program does not provide food year-round. “In the summertime, we see a lot of kids go hungry because they don’t have access to the type of food programs that they do over the school year,” says Hecker. Other programs, from local food banks to the national organization America’s Second Harvest, do their best to plug the gaps, but for many people it’s simply not enough.

Hunger Help


As long as hunger exists, many organizations, such as the National Student Campaign Against Hunger and Homelessness, World Vision International, and the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), will work to help people get the food they need. Now in its 26th year, the FAO’s World Food Day, observed on October 16, is a cornerstone in the fight against hunger. The goals of World Food Day are to increase awareness and to spark communities and people to do all they can to end hunger. The day can be observed in many ways: teaching others about hunger, researching hunger in a local area, collecting or donating food, and more.

“It’s a problem that can be solved,” says Diederich. “But it means more people need to get involved to solve it.”

Teens Lead the Way

Throughout the year, World Vision International sponsors 30 Hour Famine fund-raisers. Groups of individuals go without food for 30 hours and ask for donations, which go toward battling hunger in 100 countries and helping approximately 100 million people. In 2006, one of the project’s top fund-raisers was held by a group of teens from St. John’s Episcopal Church in Charlotte, N.C., who raised $80,000.

The experience has been a revelation for many of the youths involved. “I really had never thought about hunger before I did the 30 Hour Famine;’ says Alice C., 13. “It really helps me put a perspective on … the other people who don’t have as much as we do”

William P., 15, says the project is raising awareness of hunger and inspiring other teens. “When teens see a lot of other teens helping;’ he notes, “it just makes them want to come in, and it just makes a bigger and bigger impact”

The teens in Charlotte did everything from constructing and living in a cardboard village at their church to participating in themed activities to learn about the hunger epidemic. In all their efforts, the focus was on helping the hungry.

Skeleton key: take charge of your bone health now


In the summer of 2003, Clare Egan discovered that she’s not invincible. A star runner in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, Egan, now 18, took that June off after track season and then suddenly began running six miles a day. Within a few weeks, “my shin would throb when I ran and after,” she says. “It killed.” A bone scan revealed that Egan had a stress fracture, which is a slight break in a bone caused by too much repeated impact.


“Cardiovascularly, I was fine, and my muscles could handle the big increase in running,” she says, “but I learned my bones weren’t ready for it.” To let the bone heal, Egan didn’t run for several weeks. During that time, she became more conscious of her bones’ health and altered her diet to include more calcium. Egan hasn’t had a problem since.

Supporting Yourself

Skeleton neglect can profoundly impact your health. But if you do right by your bones, as Egan has done since her injury, they will enable you to succeed at your favorite activities, now and in the future. Bones are made up of living, growing tissue that gets stronger or weaker, depending on how you treat it.

Bones have three layers: the outer membrane, or periosteum, which supplies blood to the next layer; the hard, compact bone, which supports weight; and inside, the spongy bone marrow, which produces blood components, including blood cells and platelets. The 206 bones in the body are made up mainly of calcium. Besides producing blood cells and protecting some organs (as the skull and ribs do), bones are best known for enabling movement.

Many teens don’t realize “that the skeleton is the framework that carries you around,” says Dr. Laura Tosi, chief of pediatric orthopedic surgery at Children’s National Medical Center in Washington, D.C. “If it’s not in good shape, it’s going to cost you your independence.”

Tosi isn’t just speaking about your independence now. Teen years are “the age of bone growth as well as mineralization–how hard and strong the bones get,” says Dr. Anastasia Fischer, a at Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. “It’s very important that teenagers develop the strongest bones possible.”

What’s the rush? People have until roughly age 20 to maximize the growth and strength of their bones. After that age, bones gradually but steadily become weaker. So a healthy skeleton needs all the building and buttressing it can get during the critical teen years.

Tosi illustrates the situation this way: “I like to use the analogy of a sand castle when thinking about the skeletal system. If you build a puny one, it’s going to get knocked over by the littlest wave. But if you build a big, strong one, it can hold up to so much more.”

Build Your Bones

strong-boneStrong bones are supportive bones, and they don’t break easily. One of the most effective ways to build strong bones is exercising. But not just any exercise will do, cautions Tosi. “You need activities that involve impact loading on the bones,” she says. Impact loading refers to any exercise in which a person supports his or her own body weight. Walking, running, jumping, and weight training all put stress on the bones and make them stronger.

How? Bones, like muscles, respond to use by directing new growth to areas that were recently used. In other words, lift weights or do other impact-loading activities and your bones get stronger. Aim for at least half an hour of impact-loading activities most days. Exercise increases not only bone density but also bone size. “If you look at kids who play racket sports, the bones in their serving arms are immensely bigger than those on the nonserving side,” Tosi says. “Bone size is important.” Similarly, bones that are as hefty and solid as they can be are less likely to fracture.

To Last a Lifetime

It might be hard to imagine that your choices today will affect you years from now. But think about older people you know who are stooped or frail and need help just to move around. When they were your age, they probably didn’t do what they needed to maximize their bone health. And as Egan has learned, doing the right things for your bones means not just a better future but a more enjoyable present.

How to choose a suitable size for family camping tent


If your family is new to camping, there will be many things to prepare. Alongside the food, bottles of water, clothes and many other things, it is really essential to have a camping tent. When choosing the best family tents for camping, size is the most important feature that you need to consider at once.

campingHere are some elements that are worth considering in choosing a size:

1. How many people there are in your family:

This is the first question that you need to think about. It is not absolutely suitable that you choose a large size for a small family or smaller sizes for 4 or more members in a family. A suitable size for the entire members of the family to stay and sleep comfortably will be the best one.

Furthermore, if your family has teenagers and they want to be independent with their own space. You may consider buying an extra tent or multiple tents to afford all the demands.


It is really a big mistake of thought that you only need to choose a suitable size for the number of your family members because there are many other elements that have the influence on making the decision of choosing a size.

2. How much gear your family intends to carry:

The more of your family members, the more gear to carry. Also, it is the general rule of thumb that the more of gear, the bigger of the tent’s size is. You need enough space for your gear, but it is also comfortable enough for your family to sleep, so think carefully before choosing the size.

3. How long of your camping trip:

If you just want to spend your weekend or your day off organizing a camping day, a small tent is good. The pop-up tents or the air tents are the most popular choices for these short trips.

On the contrary, if you plan to have a one or two-week camping holiday together with your family, it is essential to choose the bigger size as you need to carry much more gear, which means that you need more spaces to place them. In this case, a tunnel tent or a bell tent is not a bad idea.

happy-familyHowever, if you think that only choosing the biggest tent’s size can solve all the above problems, there will be more problems for you to solve. Because the big of the size can lead to these matters:

  • The weight: usually, the bigger size of tent leads to the heavier weight. And can you carry it easily to the camp site?
  • Space: will your camping tent be fitted with space in your car? This is a big matter!
  • How many people that needs to raise the tent: The bigger size of tent is, the more complicated it is. Moreover, how many people there must be to set up it? If it need 2 persons, who will take care of your little kids?

A big tent’s size can give you more space to place your family’s gear as well as more comfort for all members. However, it makes some problem enclosed with. Therefore, you ought to think clearly to choose the most suitable size.

Running on empty: the global fight against hunger is as fierce as ever


IMAGINE that your growth has been stunted because you have not had enough food to eat throughout your life. Imagine that you depend on free lunch tickets so that you can eat during the school year and that you go without lunch whenever school’s not in session. Imagine that your kitchen and your wallet are empty and that you don’t know where you’ll get your next meal.


Worldwide, people of every age struggle to fill their most basic needs every day. The United Nations notes that in recent years, world hunger rates have risen. (Hunger in this context means long-term lack of food.) After the number of hungry people fell from 959 million in 1970 to 791 million in 1997, it quickly rose again. During the late 1990s, hunger rose at a rate of almost 4 million people per year. By 2002, the number had reached 852 million. According to the United Nations, hunger levels are increasing because nations aren’t investing enough in farming; much land is unsuitable for agriculture; and in many areas, the human population is growing. Wars and other conflicts can also make growing or getting food difficult, resulting in food insecurity uncertain access to safe and adequate food.

Going without food is dangerous. Severe hunger and malnutrition (lack of adequate nutrients) can result in permanent brain damage, learning disabilities, and stunted growth. Without enough calories, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, the body is unable to fight illnesses such as malaria, measles, and diarrhea. The Hunger Project, an organization that works to end world hunger, estimates that 24,000 people die from hunger-related causes every day.

“There is actually a food crisis that is looming” in developing countries, says Debbie Diederich, director of youth marketing for the relief group World Vision International. Even though enough food exists to feed the world’s population, many families go without food because it’s too costly. Many others just can’t get to the food. “Hunger exists not because there’s a lack of food or a lack of resources. Hunger exists because of the distribution of that food,” says Jennifer Hecker, organizing director of the National Student Campaign Against Hunger and Homelessness.

War and conflict can displace people to remote areas with little water and land that is unsuitable for farming. Some advocates believe that governments around the globe don’t spend enough on feeding the hungry or farming. Conflict and economic problems were the main causes of more than 35 percent of food emergencies between 1992 and 2003, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.


Here are just some of the current hunger situations in Africa alone.

  1. In Malawi, where flooding has wiped out local crops and caused a food crisis, every schoolchild eats a bowl of porridge each day at school. The prospect of food attracts the children to school; the porridge gives them the energy they need to learn. But for many of those students, that is the only food they eat each day.
  2. Zimbabwe has a shortage of 1.2 million tons of grain. Because people’s household stocks have run low, the demand for grain on the market has risen, and costs have sky-rocketed. Fuel and transportation problems also make the distribution of available gram more difficult.
  3. The worst drought in a decade is hitting Kenya hard. The resulting famine has been declared a national disaster. In regions such as Mandera, the ground is covered with the rotting bodies of animals that have died from lack of food and water. One in three children has been declared malnourished. But experts say the drought is not the main cause of the food crisis. Because of government instability, money isn’t being spent on developing land for farming. For example, in the city of Nairobi, the government has been accused of spending millions of dollars on luxury vehicles. Meanwhile, the country is appealing to donors for $225 million to help an estimated 3.5 million people in need of immediate aid. One New Zealand food manufacturer is reported to have offered canned dog food for the people. The Kenyan government turned down the donation.
  4. In Sudan, government conflict with rebels has uprooted whole communities. At press time, about 500,000 people lived in refugee camps in the region of West Darfur. Ongoing violence there has made it difficult for relief organizations to provide food for the people.
  5. Land mines in Angola keep farmers from returning to their land for harvesting.
  6. In Burkina Faso, 20 percent of families have had to abandon farming because of deaths from AIDS, according to the BBC.

The impact on children is particularly harsh. The United Nations notes that if hunger statistics remain constant, more than 5 million children worldwide will die each year from complications of starvation.


Your personal best! Winning or losing? It doesn’t matter as long as you play the game


It’s great to win an award or finish in first place. But what about those times when you feel really great about yourself and nobody else knows? Or when you come in second or third and you didn’t even think you’d finish?

Those times may not be glamorous. But they’re the products of doing your best. Figuring out how to achieve your “personal best” – whether you’ve achieved your best time ever in a race, you’ve covered more meters or miles than ever before, or are just feeling great about your performance – is a good way to stay motivated and excited about exercise.


It’s All You

One way you know you are at your personal best is when you put in all the effort you can. When it comes to exercise, that can happen when you participate in a race or a big game. You can also see it when you reach a fitness goal.

Someone who sees young people reach their personal best all the time is Michelle Payette, director of IronKids, a triathlon series for kids and teens. A triathlon is a race that involves three sports: swimming, cycling, and running. In many races, only the winner gets to break the finish-line tape at the end. But at the IronKids triathlons, Payette says, every participant gets a chance to break the tape when he or she finishes the last portion, which is the running.

bikingOften, the biking section is where many kids and teens shine. For many kids, it’s the swimming segment of the race that is the toughest – as well as the part that they feel the most proud of completing. “It’s really just getting there and participating and feeling that sense of accomplishment and doing it totally on your own,” Payette says.

You Can Do This

Reaching a goal you’ve set is another way to know you’ve done your best. Sometimes, goals take years to reach. But that can make achieving them even sweeter.

That’s what happened for Hunter Lussi, who lives in Maryland. He entered his first kids triathlon at just 6 years old. But Hunter didn’t get really interested in the sport until later, when he watched his parents finish their first Ironman races (those races, for adults, are longer than the ones for children). “I said to myself, ‘One day I want to do these things,'” Hunter recalls.

It took a few years, but he’s doing it! Hunter, now 16, has finished several triathlons. He swims year-round, runs, and bikes. Hunter loves doing active sports for fun, such as waterskiing and playing paintball with friends. He even has a plan to help other people exercise and get healthy (see “‘Tri’ for Better Health”).

Hunter says the best way to reach your personal best is to feel confident. “Don’t ever doubt yourself,” he notes. “Whenever I hit a hard part and I’m really down before a race, I think to myself, ‘I trained for this, I feel good, I can do this.'”

You can do it too! “Say to yourself, ‘I can do this,”‘ Hunter urges. “The big thing is that you tried.”

Try these moves

Take the Plunge

swimmingYear-round pools and swim teams can be found all over the United States, says Michelle Payette, director of IronKids, and swimming can be a great first step to a triathlon. But even if you never enter a race, swimming is great exercise for your heart and lungs. It’s a gentle way to get moving if you’ve had an injury, and it has been found to be easier on kids with asthma than many other forms of exercise. And swimming success can introduce you to other pool sports, such as diving or synchronized swimming. It can even prepare you for water sports such as sailing or kayaking.

Work It

Your heart knows when you’re working your hardest. You can tell just how hard you are working, too, by wearing a heart rate monitor. More schools are using the devices in physical education classes. Heart rate monitors can tell you when you ought to put in more effort. They can also help you learn to pace yourself so that you don’t exercise too intensely, especially at the beginning of a workout. Want to try a heart rate monitor? Keep an eye out for an inexpensive one, or look online for more information about the way they work.

DID YOU KNOW? Cyclist Lance Armstrong started off as a triathlete. He did the IronKids triathlon when he was 13. Later, he focused on his bike skills–and the rest is history!

‘Tri’ for Better Health

triathlonActually, the Maryland teen wants everybody to do his triathlon. He’d like people to start training now to join him in America’s Fitness Tri on September 6. On that day, people from coast to coast will be swimming, paddling, floating, biking, spinning, running, walking, and rolling their way to better health.

Hunter’s plan is for as many people as possible to sign up on his Web site,, to do part of a triathlon on Labor Day. “You don’t have to do all three events; you can do just one,” he says. “You can swim, and get your mom to run, and you can get your friend or someone to ride the bike.” Forming your own triathlon relay team makes the event more fun, Hunter explains.

For America’s Fitness Tri, the distances each person will swim, bike, or run are much shorter than in an Ironman race. Hunter says he wants it to be easy and fun for everyone. And you can do your share at a neighborhood pool, at a local park, or in your own backyard. “It doesn’t cost anything, and you don’t have to go anywhere,” Hunter says.

What are you waiting for? It’s not too early to find your fitness friends and get started. Only seven months to go!

Dissecting diabetes: many teens are coping with this health problem


Every time 18-year-old Minnesotan Chris Stokes gets behind the wheel to drive, he makes the usual safety checks: mirrors, seat belt, gas, blood sugar level.

diabetesBlood sugar? Yep. He needs to make sure his blood sugar, also called glucose, is at a safe level–not too high or too low. Either extreme could affect his reaction time, vision, and concentration, all of which need to be sharp for safe driving. Stokes has type 1 diabetes, a condition that limits the ability of glucose to move throughout the body and brain.

Jamie S., a 13-year-old from Alpharetta, Ga., also has to watch her glucose. But she has a different reason: type 2 diabetes. It leaves her feeling sluggish, and it’s caused her organs to swell.

Glucose is vital to the body’s energy system, much as gasoline is to a car. It’s the fuel needed to make the engine run. Without enough glucose, a person could collapse into a coma and possibly die. Too much of it overwhelms the body’s organs and can cause a coma as well.

A balancing act of medication, specific food eaten at specific times, and finger pricks to monitor blood sugar keeps diabetes in check for both teens. They are just two of the 24 million Americans with diabetes. Nick Jonas of Jonas Brothers is another. (More on him later.)

A Not-So-Sweet Problem

type2In medical terms, diabetes is called diabetes mellitus. A Latin word, mellitus means “honey sweet.” It refers to excess sugar flowing through the body.

An organ called the pancreas, which sits a little below the stomach, makes insulin. That hormone helps glucose get into cells, where it’s needed for energy. It is the way in which the body’s fueling process is interrupted that distinguishes the two types of diabetes and how they’re medically treated.

TYPE 1. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas starts making less and less insulin. This type is called an autoimmune disorder because for unknown reasons, a person’s own immune system attacks the body’s insulin-making process. The condition is most often diagnosed in young people, which is why it used to be called juvenile diabetes. A person with type 1 diabetes needs daily doses of insulin, either through injections or a cell phone-sized pump. It’s a lifelong condition, but people with type 1 can lead active, healthy lives by following their doctors’ orders.

Stokes knows what happens when be ignores his diabetes. He has to eat on a regular basis or his glucose level drops dangerously low. “One time in high school, I was trying to make weight for a wrestling match and didn’t eat for one day,” recalls Stokes, who is now a student at Augsburg College in Minneapolis. “After the match, I just collapsed. It was a bad night.”

TYPE 2. In type 2 diabetes, the body makes enough insulin but doesn’t use it correctly. Glucose builds up in the bloodstream, causing excessive urination, fatigue, intense thirst, and blurred vision. (See symptoms of both types in “Diabetes: What Does It Feel Like?”) Type 2 can be caused by excess weight. Genetics also plays a role; having parents or other close relatives with the condition means you’re more likely to have it. Hispanics, Native Americans, and African Americans are at greater risk than other groups for developing type 2. But it can usually be prevented and controlled by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising daily, and eating a nutritious diet.

Rates of type 2 diabetes are rising. The increase, experts believe, mirrors the rise of U.S. obesity rates. Today, there are more than twice as many young children and almost three times as many teens who are overweight than there were in 1980. That, in turn, has led to younger people developing medical conditions usually seen in later life, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes, which was once called adult-onset diabetes. “We never used to see type 2 in children,” says Sue Tocher, diabetes education coordinator and dietitian at Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta. A recent study of preteens’ and teens’ medication records showed that prescriptions for type 2 diabetes drugs doubled from 2002 to 2005.

A Silent, Slow Killer

As those children and teens grow up, the burden of diabetes will also grow. In this country, nearly one in 12 people have diabetes, and 57 million more may have insulin resistance or prediabetes, a condition that is often the first step in developing diabetes. That’s a serious problem. Diabetes already contributes to about 230,000 deaths in the United States annually.

The condition is often called a silent killer or a slow killer because organ damage can occur for years before being detected. Left untreated, diabetes can rob people of their vision, legs, and kidneys, and it often leads to heart attacks and strokes. When blood sugar levels drop too low, diabetics being treated with insulin are at risk for hypoglycemia, a serious medical condition that can lead to convulsions, coma, and death.

Healthy Habits Help

People with diabetes, if they take care of it, can lead long and healthy lives. But the possibility of losing a leg or going blind is often the last thing teens with the condition think about, says Dr. Lisa Gilliam, a specialist in endocrinological diseases and diabetes at Seattle Children’s Hospital and the University of Washington: “It’s really hard for kids. They don’t think these complications could happen later on in life.”

Type 2 diabetes can be controlled by becoming more active. Just walking .30 to 60 minutes a day can make a difference. Eating better helps, too, as Jamie’s experience shows. She has lost 10 pounds by drinking water instead of soft drinks and eating more lean meat and vegetables and fewer greasy foods. If she continues to lose weight, she may be able to stop taking her twice-a-day pills.

Like Jamie, Nick Jonas is figuring out how to cope with his condition, which be learned he had in 2005. In interviews, the pop star admitted to worrying about bis future and wondering, “Why me?” But Nick, 17, is past that now.

He’s not only living healthfully with the condition; he has become an advocate for people with diabetes. Jonas testified before Congress about the need for more diabetes research funding, helped design medical alert tags for people with diabetes, and started an awareness organization, Nick’s Simple Wins. “I now understand what it means to not only have diabetes,” he wrote on his Web site, “but to truly live with it and not be limited by it.”


Lose Weight Fast and Safety by 5 types of juices


You usually think of juices when you feel thirsty or tiring, decreasing of energy … But have you ever thought about weight loss effect by juices yet?

If you’ve not tried, use the following juices to get your sexy back.

1. Watermelon and strawberry juice

Watermelon and strawberry juice

Watermelon and strawberry are two kinds of fruit which are sweet, cool and particularly contain very few calories. So they are able to help you to refresh without worrying about gaining weight. Moreover, watermelon and strawberry contain much water that will help you quickly feeling full, limiting loading too much calories in the meals. So that would have the amazing effect on weight loss.

Strawberry also contain many nutrients needed for the body such as vitamins A, C, E, so when drinking watermelon and strawberryjuice, your body won’t have to scare about nutritional deficiencies.

2. Cucumber and lemon juice

Cucumber combined with lemon which not only create a delicious but also help you to lose weight fast. Cucumber contains much sulfur and silicon should have a stimulating effect on the kidneys, eliminate uric acid in the urine, so it helps to purify the body, effectively detoxify. Lemon contains citric acid, vitamin C that boost metabolic processes and energy metabolism, help you to lose weight effectively. The combination of these two fruits not only help you to lose weight fast, but also purify the body, make the body healthy and limit the accumulation of excess fat.

3. Apple and pear juice

Apple and pear juice

Both apples and pears are rich in nutrients and vitamins essential for the body. Pears contain water, which can cause you full more quickly, thereby limiting the amount of food you consume in your diet and make result in losing weight.

Apple juice is especially good for the body because it contains much vitamins, especially vitamin C, so it can affect to promote the process of metabolism in the body, increase fat burning activities in the body. Thus, the combination of apple and pear will be an effective drink foods for your fast weight loss.

4. Pineapple juice


Pineapple contains the enzyme, vitamin C is highly recommended to rapidly decomposing protein, removing oil and fat effectively, avoiding excess fat accumulation in the body which causing weight gain. Pineapple enzyme bromelain in being considered to aid digestion very positively, thus, pineapple juice is considered a “soldier” in the cause of helping you lose weight rapidly.

5. Winter melon juice

Winter melon contains much nutrients such as protein, fiber, carotene, vitamin PP, B1, B2, C, … and other nutrients such as iron, calcium … so will provide your body with nutrients. Specifically, winter melon do not have lipid and low in calories so you can eat more without worrying about gaining weight. Additionally, winter melon also include low in sodium and malonic acid that may help to burn excess fat, prevent sugar from turning into fat metabolism and eliminate accumulated fat in the body, reduce the risk of making you gain weight.